Causes of ARDS( adult respiratory distress syndrome) aka acute lung injury
2.Diffuse pulmonary infections
3.Viral, Mycoplasma, and Pneumocystis pneumonia; miliary tuberculosis
Physical Injury and Pulmonary contusions
Mechanical trauma, including head injuries
Fractures with fat embolism
Irritant gases and chemicals inhalation
Heroin or methadone overdose
Disseminated intravascular coagulation
What is COPD?
Basically includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema
definition of emphysema is morphologic
chronic bronchitis is defined as the presence of chronic and recurrent cough with excessive mucus secretion for atleast 3 months in a year for 2 consecutive years
the two diseases usually coexist
cigarette smoking is the major contributing factor for both
irreversible airflow obstruction of COPD distinguishes it from asthma.